female12.jpgDysplasia is an abnormal cell growth on the cervix. It is caused by an infection of the cervix that contains the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are no signs or symptoms with dysplasia, and it is diagnosed through cervical cancer screening as part of a pap smear. Women with mild dysplasia do not require treatment. Ablation (laser and cryocautery) and/or surgical treatment (LEEP Procedure or cold knife cone biopsy) is recommended for those with moderate to severe dysplasia.


Endometriosis is the abnormal growth of cells found on the outside of the uterus. Symptoms include pelvic pain, painful sex, painful urination or bowel movements, intense menstrual cramping and lower back pain. Endometriosis can be treated with medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs and oral contraceptives. Surgical treatment to remove the endometriosis can be performed laparoscopically or with a laparotomy, a more extensive surgery.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths that grow in or outside the uterus. Symptoms of uterine fibroids can include prolonged periods, bloating in the abdomen, pelvic pain and heavy bleeding during periods. The treatment needed for fibroids varies upon the symptoms and circumstances, and may include pain relievers, birth control pills, Lupron hormone treatment and an IUD. Surgical treatment options can include a myomectomy (removing the fibroids surgically) or a hysterectomy (removing the uterus).

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence occurs when there is a loss of bladder control. With the loss of bladder control, you may leak a small amount when laughing or coughing or a large amount because of the lack of control. Common causes of incontinence include weak pelvic muscles, certain medications, recurring urinary tract infections, and certain chronic diseases. Treatment depends on the cause of the incontinence. Kegel exercises, bladder training, medications and surgical procedures may be recommended.

Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection is the second most common type of infection in the body and affects millions each year. A urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria begins to grow in the urethra. Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include an urgency to urinate, a burning sensation when urinating, cloudy or strong-smelling urine and soreness in the lower abdomen or back.

Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial Cystitis (IC) occurs when the bladder wall becomes inflamed or irritated. Also known as painful bladder syndrome, this disorder can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder, decreased bladder capacity, and, in rare cases, ulcers in the bladder lining. Symptoms can include an urgent need to urinate, pain and tenderness around the bladder and pelvis area, and pain during intercourse. While there is no cure for IC, treatments such as a change in diet, medications, bladder "retraining" techniques and various surgical options are available to help relieve the symptoms.

Yeast Infections

Yeast infections are caused when Candida, a fungus that is naturally found in the vagina in small amounts, overgrows. Other factors, such as taking antibiotics, high estrogen levels during pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy, use of a diaphragm and spermicides as well as diabetes, can also cause the fungus to grow too much. The symptoms of a yeast infection include itching or soreness in the vagina, burning when you urinate, and a thick, white discharge (which resembles cottage cheese). Antifungal tablets, creams and suppositories are used to treat yeast infections.